Causes of Capsular Contracture and How to Prevent It

Breast augmentation is one of the most common plastic surgeries in the world. However, as with any surgery, there is risk involved. The most common risk for those undergoing breast augmentation is capsular contracture. This complication occurs when scar tissue around the breast implant hardens, causing the breast to look and feel abnormal and is sometimes painful.

What Is Capsular Contracture

Capsular contracture is tightening or scarring of the membrane around the breast implant. It is the immune systems normal response to a foreign body in the body. Whether it is an artificial joint, pacemaker, or a breast implant, the natural response of the body is to form a protective shell (capsule), around the foreign object.

Causes and Prevention of Capsular Contracture

While there is no absolute cause of this complication, there are many theories. One of those theories involve bacteria on the breast implant or in the breast pocket. The presence of even a few bacterial cells can result in infection which may lead to an inflammatory process causing capsular contracture. The thought is that the few bacterial cells on the implant or in the breast pocket produce a thin film on the implant surface known as “biofilm”. This biofilm is what may be responsible for beginning the process leading to capsular contracture.

During breast implant surgery, the surgeon takes steps to prevent the chance of bacterial contamination. This includes but is not limited to using an under the breast incision and using a “no touch” technique.

Injury to Breast and Muscle Tissues

Another theory for the cause of capsular contracture is the rough handling of the muscle and/or breast tissue. Unintentional injury to the breast or muscle tissue may occur if the dissection is not meticulously performed. It is important to remember, it does not mean that these tissues were handled incorrectly, capsular contracture can also occur for any number of unknown reasons.

Microscopic Contamination of Breast Pocket

Contamination of the breast or the implant with microscopic or very small particles is another theory for capsular contracture. These microscopic particles may be in the sponges and towels used in the surgery, in the air, or in the fibers from the drapes. The presence of these particles may encourage an inflammatory reaction in the breast resulting in capsular contracture.

Aspen Prevention Method for Capsular Contracture

The Aspen System is a non-invasive method used to prevent this breast implant surgery complication. If a patient has had a family history, contracture problems in the past, previous surgeries for contracture, or a high implant that didn’t drop, Aspens prevention treatment right after surgery can help. This therapy begins two weeks after surgery to prevent this possible complication.

The Aspen prevention method requires five non-invasive treatments. To begin, a series of painless soundwaves are administered over the patient’s breast. This technology is unlike traditional Ultrasound or sound wave devices in medical offices and Rehab facilities as those can actually do harm to implants or worsen contracture. The Aspen sounds waves are used to “drive in” a specific medication that helps combat the bacteria that may be in the pocket at surgery or remain in the pocket from previous surgeries. Next, pocket expansion techniques and specific implant massages are rendered by a licensed expert. Lastly, a compression garment is fitted to help adjust the position of the hard or high implant.

Aspen Rehabilitation Technique is a patented process available through Aspen After Surgery located in Coral Springs, Florida and offers a 1 week FAST TRACK for qualified patients. Typically the cost of travel and treatment is less then surgery and comes with none of the risks.  If you are considering plastic surgery or have already gone through the process, call us today to speak with one Aspen’s experts.

As surgery has a high re-occurrence rate for these issues happening over and over, The Aspen Treatment can also be provided in a patients surgeons office. Ask your surgeon for the Aspen After Surgery Treatment as an inexpensive option to surgery.